Red Valerian is one of the most beautiful perennial flowers in the world and its ease of cultivation has helped to endear it to many flower gardeners all over Europe and the United States. The plant originated from the Mediterranean but has taken a firm place in gardens in other parts of the world due to the fact that you can practically just plant it and forget about its existence with the full confidence that it will nonetheless grow well and spring up attractive blooming flowers. It grows well in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 5 to 9 meaning it can be found in so many places across the United States.
The red valerian is normally spotted growing in uninvited places such as old walls, dry banks and stony waste grounds as a result of its love for alkaline PH soils. It comes with flowers that are attractive but mild in terms of fragrance even though the scent is very pleasing. It is endowed with deep taproots that ensure its survival during unfavorable weather conditions such as dry climates.
The flowers of the red valerian bloom enormously well during periods such as June to August and they are normally spotted in red but there are a couple of varieties that have been found with pink or even white colors. You can secure new blooming flowers right until frost by pruning old flowerheads immediately their blooming stops. They come with highly conspicuous petals normally numbering five with one of them facing the opposite direction while the remaining four face a common direction. The flower usually comes with one stamen situated in the middle of the petals which bulges outward and this causes the flower to attract butterflies, moths, bees and other related insects due to their long proboscis which enables them to feed on the nectar of the flower to ensure their pollination.
Red valerian thrives in many types of soils and blooms in areas where they get direct access to sunlight. They survive equally well in many other types of soils with the exception of extremely wet soils where they get no access to the sun so it’s important to keep in mind that good drainage is very essential to the successful growth of these types of flowers. You can ensure that your flowers thrive by adding ground limestone to a specific portion for the cultivation of red valerian if you realize that the soil in your garden is acidic. Even though red valerian is highly resistant to dry periods, watering the flowers at least once a day will come in handy for the plant.
Red valerian is easily propagated and the fact that it easily self-sows means all you have to do is to search for seedlings from existing plants for transplanting, which can be easily found in nurseries in your locality. It can equally be grown from its seed or even through division of its cuttings. The flower requires minimal maintenance after cultivation, notable amongst them is the fact that they have to be deadheaded after flowering to ensure proper spacing between the plants.
Red valerian is also famous for its high resistance to many diseases and pests, in fact there are no known pests and infections for the plant at the moment. This means you will likely not have to worry about finding pesticides or any form of treatment for your plant, unlike many flowers out there.
There are numerous benefits that can be derived from the cultivation of red valerian in your garden. Firstly, its attractive corollas and breathtaking flowers help to make your yard and garden beautiful, which will attract the envy of neighbors and friends. Red valerian can also be cut and used to decorate the interior parts of your home and if kept in water, it can last about a week. The roots and leaves of the red valerian is also consumed by many people all over the world and used in salads, soups and various other recipes. Other people also use them for medicinal purposes even though there is no scientific evidence to back their effectiveness.